Vulnerable Populations – Who Are They?

Vulnerable populations include the economically disadvantaged, racial and ethnic minorities, the uninsured, low-income children, the elderly, the homeless, those with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and those with other chronic health conditions, including severe mental illness. The vulnerability of these populations are enhanced by various factors such as, race, age, sex, socioeconomic status, and health conditions. These populations are at risk of poor physical, psychological, and/or social health. For the purpose of this project, Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) has defined vulnerable populations as Lesbian, Gays, Bisexuals, Transgender, and Questioning (LGBTQ), persons experiencing homelessness, and migrant farm workers.